Research on justice and community control in the next system. In 2001, negotiations between a coalition of community groups in Los Angeles and the private developers of the Staples Center culminated in the first Community Benefits Agreement (CBA) (Salkin and Lavine 2008). Gross (1998) defined a CBA as a single development project contract that takes into account a number of community interests and is the result of significant community investment. At Staples Center CBA, the community coalition exchanged support for development for a “first source” hiring plan to employ local residents, job training programs, public park construction, affordable housing and a living political wage policy. In return, community coalition support helped developers raise more than $70 million in grants from the city (Baade 2003; Salkin and Lavine 2008). Since then, at least 26 other local coalitions across the country have gained potential economic, social and environmental benefits for their communities by signing CBAs with private and public developers (Community Benefits Agreements 2012). Unions representing janitors, hotel employees, office workers and, in some cases, the construction industry, have played a central role in almost all successful CBA campaigns. Because CFCs are contracts, community coalitions also need a lawyer and often work with other consultants who can provide additional types of support. Community organization and coalitions are at the heart of the community utility strategy. [11] [12] [13] Organizing and maintaining a coalition, facilitating compromises and developing a common agenda are essential for the creation of a successful CBA. Coalitions can include a large number of community groups, such as neighbourhood groups. B, environmental organizations, good governance organizations, unions and faith-based organizations. [5] Coalitions are generally not incorporated, but member groups can enter into an enterprise agreement to regularize their relationship within the coalition.

The Tulane Law School Public Law Centre has created a model of the CBA Coalition Operating Agreement. [14] It took a lot of time and effort – 17 years of community organizing and dozens of hours of mutual legal assistance from economics and community development lawyers on the coalition side and as much work on the part of the developers – to achieve a CBA. The implementation of the conditions over the next 99 years (duration of the agreement) will also require consistent and ongoing efforts and work. Overall, the involvement of a local coalition in decision-making on the distribution of economic benefits among Community stakeholders is very powerful. Given the coalition`s representativeness – 25 organizations were signatories – the CBA has the potential to benefit future generations of Bronx residents. A Community Benefits Agreement (CBA) is a project-specific agreement between a developer and a broad community coalition that describes the project`s contributions to the community and provides community support to the project. All community issues, properly structured CBAs are legally binding and can be directly applicable by the signatories. In the absence of state intervention, developers and private real estate companies generally see little economic incentive to pay a living wage or to provide other benefits to local communities.