The Environment Act, which is currently passing through Parliament, will be a new environmental law aimed at filling the governance vacuum created by Brexit. It will establish a new framework for environmental legislation after Brexit and put in place a new environmental watchdog to hold the government and other public bodies to account. The Environment Act, which presides over the BRITISH Parliament, provides for the creation of the Office for the Protection of the Environment (OEP), an independent body that must review government policy and receive and investigate complaints about non-compliance with environmental legislation. Footnote 34 This will extend to things done by the British government for the whole of the United Kingdom and for England. Northern Ireland has agreed that the Environmental Protection Office should also deal with de-deralised issues. Scotland has its own supervisory authority, Environmental Standards Scotland (ESS). At bottom 35, Wales has a different governance framework for environmental issues, based on the Well-Being of Future Generations (Wales) Act 2015, and detailed plans for the future will remain in place until after the May 2021 elections. Footnote 36 These questions are dealt with in the rest of this document and, at the time of the August 2020 letter, not all have received an answer, although Brexit has been officially held. The legal basis in the UK is the European Union (withdrawal) 2018 (withdrawal law) (adopted before a withdrawal agreement is reached between the UK and the EU). This has been amended by the European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020 (2020) which reflects the terms of the agreement reached at the end of 2019 between the Johnson government and the EU. Footnote 2 Currently we are in the transition or implementation period under this agreement and, although the UK officially left the EU on 31 January 2020, little has changed.
The big change will come at the end of this period, December 31, 2020. At that time, relations are completely separate, unless negotiations on a new agreement on future trade and other relations are concluded by then. Prime Minister Boris Johnson announced this morning that an agreement had been reached between the government and the EU on the UK`s withdrawal from the bloc. This means that the UK could leave the EU by the scheduled date of 31 October 2019. Reid, C.T.: The law withdrawal agreement: new legal uncertainty? (Brexit and environment blog) www.brexitenvironment.co.uk/2020/01/06/withdrawal-agreement-bill-legal-uncertainty/ Most UK environmental laws are derived from EU law. From water and air quality to nature protection and climate change, the EU`s environmental framework is known as one of the strongest in the world. On a more fundamental level, decentralizing environmental issues means that each nation has provided its own answers to the problems posed by Brexit. Although there have been repeated statements on the appropriateness of cooperation and cooperation, each nation has kept its own timetable, with the UK Government being able to move more quickly in developing a detailed blueprint for the future.